Restrictive Labour Laws directory


Title Jurisdiction Type of Legislation Datesort ascending

Public Sector Transition Stability Act, 1997 (Bill 136, June)

The Act applied to public sector workers in newly merged workplaces and compelled run-off votes between unions. It also gave the authority to a government-appointed Commissioner to impose the first collective agreement where agreement could not be reached with the new bargaining unit in the newly merged workplace.

Ontario Suspension of bargaining rights June 1997

An Act to Amend the Labour Relations Act, 1997 (Bill 26, February)

The Act ended automatic certification for unions that obtained signed cards from a majority of workers in a workplace, placed restrictions on the use of union dues for political purposes and required unions to file annual financial statements with the Labour Relations Board detailing compensation paid to officers earning more than $50,000.

Manitoba Restrictions on certification February 1997

Lennox and Addington County Board of Education and Teachers Dispute Settlement Act, 1997 (Bill 113, January)

The Act ended a strike of teachers, extended the expired collective agreement and appointed an arbitrator to conclude a new two-year collective agreement.

Ontario Back to work - dispute sent to arbitration January 1997

Government Essential Services Act, 1996 (Bill 17, November)

The Act gave government greater ability to designate public services essential, determine which workers fell outside a collective agreement and deprive workers of the right to strike.

Manitoba Restrictions on scope of bargaining November 1996

Savings and Restructuring Act, 1996 (Bill 26, January)

The Act gave the government broad powers to restructure municipalities and hospitals and imposed requirements on arbitrators to consider government concerns in adjudicating disputes with certain public sector workers who lacked the right to strike.

Ontario Restrictions on scope of bargaining October 1996

Public Schools Amendment Act, 1996 (Bill 72, October)

The Act excluded certain working conditions for teachers in the public school system from collective bargaining and directed arbitrators to consider the school division or district’s ability to pay in making awards.

Manitoba Restrictions on scope of bargaining October 1996

Education and Health Collective Bargaining Assistance Act, 1996 (Bill 21, April)

The Act imposed collective agreements on employees of public school boards, post secondary educational institutions and workers in the health sector in accordance with the recommendations of an Industrial Inquiry Commission or mediator appointed under the Labour Relations Code.

British Columbia Suspension of bargaining rights April 1996

Labour Relations and Employment Statute Law Amendments Act, 1995 (Bill 7, October)

The Act denied access to collective bargaining and the right to strike to agricultural and domestic workers and specified professionals, removed a prohibition on the use of replacement workers during strikes and  removed successor rights for Crown employees.

Ontario Denial of right to join a union October 1995

An Act respecting the negotiation process for collective agreements in the public service, 1995 (Bill 37, June)

The Act increased the number of   public sector employees designated “essential” and altered the collective bargaining process to bring an end to province-wide bargaining.

Quebec Restrictions on scope of bargaining June 1995

Budget Implementation Act, 1995 (Bill C-76, June)

The Act amended the Public Sector Compensation Act, 1991 affecting federal public service employees.  It rescinded the bargaining agent’s right to negotiate job security and workforce provisions in collective agreements for a period of three years and extended the wage freeze for the fifth consecutive year.

Federal Government Restrictions on scope of bargaining June 1995


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